12/2/2013 5:08:00 PM World Almanac for December 2, 2013 Today is the 336th day of 2013 and the 72nd day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1823, President James Monroe announced a policy establishing American neutrality in future European conflicts, later known as the Monroe Doctrine. In 1927, Ford Motor Co. introduced the new Model A. In 1942, a team led by Enrico Fermi engineered the first controlled nuclear fission chain reaction under the stands of the University of Chicago's Stagg Field. In 1970, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency began operations. In 1988, Benazir Bhutto was sworn in as prime minister of Pakistan, becoming the first female leader of an Islamic nation. In 2001, the energy trading company Enron filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Georges Seurat (1859-1891), painter; Maria Callas (1923-1977), opera singer; Harry Reid (1939- ), Senate majority leader; Gianni Versace (1946-1997), fashion designer; Stone Phillips (1954- ), journalist; Ann Patchett (1963- ), author; Lucy Liu (1968- ), actress; Monica Seles (1973- ), tennis player; Britney Spears (1981- ), singer; Aaron Rodgers (1983- ), football player.
TODAY'S FACT: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency employed a workforce of 16,205 in 2013.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1967, Hall of Fame center Wilt Chamberlain of the Philadelphia 76ers set an NBA record for missed free throws in a single game, missing 22 in a 133-109 win over the Seattle SuperSonics.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "It makes you wonder. All the brilliant things we might have done with our lives if only we suspected we knew how." -- Ann Patchett, "Bel Canto"
TODAY'S NUMBER: 112 -- days Barney Clark, the recipient of the first artificial heart, lived after it was implanted on this day in 1982.