TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1781, the Continental Congress officially adopted the Articles of Confederation.
In 1803, Ohio was admitted as the 17th U.S. state.
In 1961, President John F. Kennedy issued an executive order establishing the Peace Corps.
In 2003, Pakistani counterterrorism forces captured al-Qaida operative Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, a principal planner of the 9/11 terror attacks.
In 2005, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that capital punishment for crimes committed before the age of 18 was unconstitutional.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Frederic Chopin (1810-1849), composer; Glenn Miller (1904-1944), bandleader; David Niven (1910-1983), actor; Harry Caray (1914-1998), sportscaster; Ralph Ellison (1914-1994), author; Yitzhak Rabin (1922-1995), Israeli prime minister; Harry Belafonte (1927- ), singer-songwriter/actor; Roger Daltrey (1944- ), singer-songwriter; Ron Howard (1954- ), actor/director; Zack Snyder (1966- ), filmmaker; Javier Bardem (1969- ), actor; Jensen Ackles (1978- ), actor; Kesha (1987- ), singer; Justin Bieber (1994- ), singer.
TODAY'S FACT: The International Criminal Court held its inaugural session in The Hague on this day in 2003.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1969, New York Yankees slugger Mickey Mantle announced his retirement.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "I was looking for myself and asking everyone except myself questions which I, and only I, could answer." -- Ralph Ellison, "Invisible Man"