Today is the 207th day of 2017 and the 37th day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1775, the Second Continental Congress established a postal system.
In 1788, New York ratified the Constitution and became the 11th U.S. state.
In 1947, President Truman signed the National Security Act, uniting the Army, Navy and Air Force under the Department of Defense and creating the National Security Council, Joint Chiefs of Staff and the CIA.
In 1990, President George H.W. Bush signed the Americans With Disabilities Act.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950), playwright/critic; Carl Jung (1875-1961), psychiatrist; Aldous Huxley (1894-1963), author; Blake Edwards (1922-2010), film director; Stanley Kubrick (1928-1999), film director; Mick Jagger (1943- ), singer-songwriter; Helen Mirren (1945- ), actress; Nicholas Evans (1950- ), author; Dorothy Hamill (1956- ), figure skater; Kevin Spacey (1959- ), actor; Sandra Bullock (1964- ), actress; Jeremy Piven (1965- ), actor; Jason Statham (1967- )
TODAY'S FACT: Stanley Kubrick's "Dr. Strangelove, or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb" has the longest title of any film nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1992, Nolan Ryan struck out his 100th batter of the season, setting a major league record of 23 consecutive seasons with at least 100 strikeouts.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "The propagandist's purpose is to make one set of people forget that certain other sets of people are human." -- Aldous Huxley, "The Olive Tree"
TODAY'S NUMBER: 9 -- Joint Chiefs of Staff chairmen (out of 19) who have been Army officers. Only two (Peter Pace, 2005-2007, and Joseph Dunford, 2015-present) have been Marine Corps officers.
TODAY'S MOON: Between new moon (July 23) and first quarter moon (July 30).