Today is the 251st day of 2017 and the 81st day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1664, New Amsterdam became New York as the Dutch surrendered Manhattan and surrounding land to the British.
In 1900, Galveston, Texas, was struck by a massive hurricane.
In 1966, the "Star Trek" TV series premiered on NBC.
In 1974, President Gerald Ford pardoned former president Richard Nixon for any crimes he might have committed in office.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Claude Pepper (1900-1989), U.S. senator; Sid Caesar (1922-2014), comedian/actor; Grace Metalious (1924-1964), author; Peter Sellers (1925-1980), comedian/actor; Patsy Cline (1932-1963), singer-songwriter; Aimee Mann (1960- ), singer-songwriter; Martin Freeman (1971- ), actor; Pink (1979- ), singer-songwriter; Wiz Khalifa (1987- ), rapper; Avicii (1989- ), DJ/record producer.
TODAY'S FACT: More than 8,000 people are estimated to have died in the 1900 Galveston hurricane, making it the deadliest natural disaster in American history.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1998, Mark McGwire of the St. Louis Cardinals hit his 62nd home run of the season, breaking the record held by Roger Maris since 1961. In January 2010, McGwire admitted that he used steroids during the 1998 season.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "If every man ... ceased to hate and blame every other man for his own failures and shortcomings, we would see the end of every evil in the world, from war to backbiting." -- Grace Metalious, "Peyton Place"
TODAY'S NUMBER: 6 -- spinoff television series (including an animated series) generated by the "Star Trek" franchise since the original series was canceled in 1969. The newest series, "Discovery," debuts in September 2017.
TODAY'S MOON: Between full moon (Sept. 6) and last quarter moon (Sept. 12).