Today is the 302nd day of 2017 and the 38th day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1929, the New York Stock Exchange crashed in what came to be called "Black Tuesday," marking the beginning of the Great Depression.
In 1966, the newly formed National Organization for Women held its first national conference.
In 1969, the first connection on ARPANET (the precursor to the internet) was made between computers at UCLA and Stanford Research Institute.
In 2004, European leaders signed the first constitution of the European Union.
In 2015, China announced the end of its one-child policy after 35 years.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Fanny Brice (1891-1951), singer/comedian; Bill Mauldin (1921-2003), cartoonist; Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (1938- ), Liberian president; Bob Ross (1942-1995), painter/instructor; Richard Dreyfuss (1947- ), actor; Lee Child (1954- ), author; Dan Castellaneta (1957- ), actor; David Remnick (1958- ), journalist/editor; Joely Fisher (1967- ), actress; Winona Ryder (1971- ), actress; Gabrielle Union (1972- ), actress; Ben Foster (1980- ), actor; India Eisley (1993- ), actress.
TODAY'S FACT: Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is Africa's first female elected head of state.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1960, Cassius Clay (later known as Muhammad Ali) made his professional boxing debut, winning a six-round decision over Tunney Hunsaker.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "(Editorial cartooning) is essentially a destructive art. We are not pontificators, or molders of thought -- or at least we shouldn't try to be. Ours is more the role of the lowly gadfly: circle and stab, circle and stab. Roughly put, our credo should be, if it's big, hit it." -- Bill Mauldin
TODAY'S NUMBER: 77 -- age of astronaut John Glenn when the space shuttle Discovery launched on this day in 1998, making Glenn the oldest person ever to travel in space.
TODAY'S MOON: Between first quarter moon (Oct. 27) and full moon (Nov. 3).