3/13/2017 11:11:00 AM Former AG Holder blasts Georgia redistricting 'power grab'
ATLANTA (AP) — Former U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder is hammering Georgia Republicans for what he calls a “power grab” as the GOP tries to redraw several legislative districts to benefit sitting lawmakers.
It’s the first time Holder has weighed in on a state redistricting fight since he launched a national political organization intended to help Democrats in upcoming redistricting battles.
In a statement to The Associated Press, Holder says Republicans who control the Georgia House are practicing “political map-rigging at its worst” with a plan to move black voters out of certain swing districts in metro Atlanta.
“Voters should choose their elected representatives, not the other way around,” Holder said of the proposal, which House Republicans adopted earlier this month on a party line vote.
The new district boundaries, which are now pending in the state Senate, would make it harder for Democratic challengers to defeat Republican incumbents.
Holder urged Republican Gov. Nathan Deal and GOP senators to reject the map.
The General Assembly has state constitutional authority to redraw district boundaries “as necessary,” though it’s typically done after each decennial census, not late in a decade as Republicans are attempting now.
A spokesman for Deal did not immediately respond to a request for comment. It is accepted protocol in Georgia for each legislative chamber to determine its own boundaries, meaning it would violate tradition if the Senate does not approve the House plan.
The Georgia wrangle and Holder’s response previews the former attorney general’s strategy ahead of the 2020 census and subsequent legislative sessions where state lawmakers will redraw district boundaries that heavily influence the partisan makeup of Congress and state assemblies.
Republicans were tremendously successful in the 2010 midterm elections, consolidating power in statehouses across the country. GOP majorities used that power to redraw congressional and legislative maps that in many states maximized the influence of conservative voters.
Essentially, the idea for a legislative majority is to concentrate opposition voters in as few districts as possible. The pending Georgia changes, for example, would move some heavily African-American precincts from GOP-held districts and into a district already occupied by a Democrat. Black voters overwhelmingly support Democrats.
The affected Republican incumbents have watched their winning margins drop as low as 51 and 53 percent in recent elections, so the GOP plan offers them insurance by shifting Democratic voters out of their districts.
Georgia House Speaker David Ralston defends the plan, saying it doesn’t hurt any incumbent lawmaker, including the lone affected Democrat.
Those kinds of maneuvers, panned by critics as partisan and racial gerrymandering, help explain how a state like North Carolina is a presidential battleground with a Democratic governor, yet has a U.S. House delegation of 10 Republicans and three Democrats and a state Legislature where the GOP began the year with a 74-46 majority in the House and a 35-15 majority in the Senate.
In Georgia, President Donald Trump won the state by 5 percentage points, while Deal won 2014 re-election by 8 points. But the U.S. House delegation is tilted 9-4 to the GOP, with one vacancy, while the GOP started the current year with a 118-62 majority in the state House and a 38-18 advantage in the state Senate.
There are several pending federal lawsuits challenging district boundaries around the country, including in North Carolina. A federal court ruled Friday that Texas lawmakers drew racially gerrymandered congressional districts in ways that minimize minority voter power.
Democrats also draw districts to their advantage. California’s partisan makeup leans more Democratic than its presidential vote. Georgia Republicans note that Democrats in the state, before they lost much of their power in 2002, drew district maps that courts ultimately threw out.
Now that it’s Georgia Republicans redrawing lines, the input from a high-profile Democrat like Holder is unlikely to hold much sway. But Holder describes his overall effort as necessary to protect voting rights and the integrity of the political system.
His nascent group is the National Democratic Redistricting Committee, which he will use to advocate for what Democrats describe as fairer district boundaries. Former President Barack Obama is raising money for the organization.