Today is the 17th day of 2018 and the 28th day of winter.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1773, Captain James Cook and his crew became the first to sail south of the Antarctic Circle.
In 1819, Simon Bolivar proclaimed Colombia a republic.
In 1917, the United States purchased the Virgin Islands from Denmark for $25 million.
In 1946, the United Nations Security Council held its first session.
In 1991, a United States-led coalition's planes struck targets in Kuwait and Iraq, launching the Persian Gulf War.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), statesman/inventor/author; Al Capone (1899-1947), organized crime boss; Betty White (1922- ), actress; Eartha Kitt (1927-2008), actress/singer; James Earl Jones (1931- ), actor; Muhammad Ali (1942-2016), boxer; Andy Kaufman (1949-1984), actor/comedian; Steve Harvey (1957- ), comedian/actor; Jim Carrey (1962- ), actor; Sebastian Junger (1962- ), journalist/author; Michelle Obama (1964- ), U.S. first lady; Kid Rock (1971- ), singer-songwriter; Zooey Deschanel (1980- ), actress; Dwyane Wade (1982- ), basketball player.
TODAY'S FACT: The term "military-industrial complex" was first used by President Dwight Eisenhower during his farewell address to the nation on this day in 1961.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1971, the Baltimore Colts defeated the Dallas Cowboys 16-13 in Super Bowl V, a game so filled with errors it was nicknamed the "Blunder Bowl."
TODAY'S QUOTE: "What would you risk dying for -- and for whom -- is perhaps the most profound question a person can ask themselves. The vast majority of people in modern society are able to pass their whole lives without ever having to answer that question, which is both an enormous blessing and a significant loss." - Sebastian Junger, "Tribe: On Homecoming and Belonging"
TODAY'S NUMBER: 26 -- age at which gangster Al Capone became boss of the "Chicago Outfit."
TODAY'S MOON: Between new moon (Jan. 16) and first quarter moon (Jan. 24).