TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1957, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 2 with a dog named Laika aboard. Laika was the first creature to be sent into orbit.
In 1964, residents of Washington, D.C., were eligible to vote in the presidential election for the first time since the city was established in 1800.
In 1992, Democrat Bill Clinton defeated incumbent Republican George Bush and independent candidate Ross Perot to win the U.S. presidency.
In 2014, One World Trade Center opened in New York City.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: William Cullen Bryant (1794-1878), poet/journalist; Walker Evans (1903-1975), photographer; Charles Bronson (1921-2003), actor; Michael Dukakis (1933- ), politician; Larry Holmes (1949- ), boxer; Anna Wintour (1949- ), fashion journalist; Roseanne Barr (1952- ), comedian/actress; Kate Capshaw (1953- ), actress; Dennis Miller (1953- ), comedian; Phil Simms (1955- ), football player/sportscaster; Dolph Lundgren (1957- ), actor; Evgeni Plushenko (1982- ), figure skater.
TODAY'S FACT: Though he didn't receive a single electoral vote, third-party candidate Ross Perot won 18.9 percent of the popular vote nationally in 1992.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 2016, the Chicago Cubs ended the longest championship drought in Major League Baseball history at 108 years, defeating the Cleveland Indians in Game 7 of the World Series.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "There is a day of sunny rest / For every dark and troubled night; / And grief may bide an evening guest, / But joy shall come with early light." -- William Cullen Bryant, "Blessed Are They That Mourn"
TODAY'S NUMBER: 162 -- days Sputnik 2 was in orbit. Laika, its canine passenger, died within hours of the launch due to overheating.
TODAY'S MOON: Between last quarter moon (Oct. 31) and new moon (Nov. 7).