TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1787, Pennsylvania became the second state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
In 1901, the first trans-Atlantic radio transmission was received by inventor Guglielmo Marconi in Newfoundland.
In 2000, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of George W. Bush in Bush v. Gore, effectively resolving the 2000 presidential election.
In 2012, North Korea successfully launched Kwangmyongsong-3 Unit 2, its first satellite.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: John Jay (1745-1829), first chief justice of the United States; William Lloyd Garrison (1805-1879), journalist/abolitionist; Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880), novelist; Edvard Munch (1863-1944), artist; Edward G. Robinson (1893-1973), actor; Frank Sinatra (1915-1998), singer; Bob Barker (1923- ), TV personality; Dionne Warwick (1940- ), singer; Bill Nighy (1949- ), actor; Royce Gracie (1966- ), mixed martial artist; Jennifer Connelly (1970- ), actress; Mayim Bialik (1975- ), actress.
TODAY'S FACT: Ten nations/organizations are currently capable of putting satellites in orbit using their own launch vehicles: the United States, Japan, China, the intergovernmental European Space Agency, India, Israel, Ukraine, Russia, Iran and North Korea.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1965, rookie running back Gale Sayers of the Chicago Bears scored an NFL record-tying six touchdowns (four rushing, one receiving and one punt return) in a 61-20 win over the visiting San Francisco 49ers.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Our ignorance of history causes us to slander our own times." -- Gustave Flaubert
TODAY'S NUMBER: 537 -- popular votes by which George W. Bush officially won the state of Florida's electoral votes in 2000.
TODAY'S MOON: Between new moon (Dec. 7) and first quarter moon (Dec. 15).