TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1945, British forces ended Japan's occupation of Hong Kong.
In 1963, a United States-Soviet diplomatic teletype "hotline," intended to prevent accidental war, was installed.
In 1967, the U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment of Thurgood Marshall as the first black Supreme Court justice.
In 1996, Russian and Chechen leaders agreed to a ceasefire, ending the First Chechen War.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (1797-1851), author; Huey Long (1893-1935), politician; Shirley Booth (1898-1992), actress; Roy Wilkins (1901-1981), civil rights activist; Fred MacMurray (1908-1991), actor; Ted Williams (1918-2002), baseball player; Warren Buffett (1930- ), businessman/philanthropist; Robert Crumb (1943- ), writer/illustrator; Peggy Lipton (1946-2019), actress; Lewis Black (1948- ), comedian; Robert Parish (1953- ), basketball player; Michael Chiklis (1963- ), actor; Cameron Diaz (1972- ), actress; Andy Roddick (1982- ), tennis player.
TODAY'S FACT: The number of hours Americans spent online increased more than 100 percent between 2000 and 2018, from 9.4 hours per week to 23.6 hours per week.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1905, Ty Cobb made his major-league debut for the Detroit Tigers.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "There is love in me the likes of which you've never seen. There is rage in me the likes of which should never escape. If I am not satisfied in the one, I will indulge the other." -- Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, "Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus"
TODAY'S NUMBER: 32 -- cases Thurgood Marshall had argued before the Supreme Court before he became a justice. He won 29 of them.