TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1914, Germany invaded Belgium, prompting Great Britain to declare war on Germany.
In 1944, the Gestapo arrested diarist Anne Frank and the other inhabitants of the "Secret Annex" in Amsterdam.
In 1977, President Jimmy Carter signed legislation establishing the Department of Energy.
In 1993, two Los Angeles police officers were sentenced to 30 months in prison for violating motorist Rodney King's civil rights.
In 2019, nine people were killed and 26 were injured in a mass shooting outside a bar in Dayton, Ohio.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822), poet; Louis Vuitton (1821-1892), fashion designer; Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother (1900-2002), queen consort of the United Kingdom; Louis Armstrong (1901-1971), musician; Billy Bob Thornton (1955- ), director/actor; Barack Obama (1961- ), 44th U.S. president; Roger Clemens (1962- ), baseball player; Dennis Lehane (1965- ), author; Daniel Dae Kim (1968- ), actor; Jeff Gordon (1971- ), race car driver/announcer; Kurt Busch (1978- ), race car driver; Meghan Markle (1981- ), actress/Duchess of Sussex; Greta Gerwig (1983- ), filmmaker.
TODAY'S FACT: "Poor Little Fool" by Ricky Nelson was the No. 1 song on the first Billboard Hot 100 chart, published on this day in 1958.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 2007, 32-year-old Alex Rodriguez of the New York Yankees became the youngest player ever to hit 500 career home runs.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "The best way to not feel hopeless is to get up and do something. Don't wait for good things to happen to you. If you go out and make some good things happen, you will fill the world with hope, you will fill yourself with hope." -- Barack Obama
TODAY'S NUMBER: 7 -- Cy Young Awards won by pitcher Roger Clemens, the most in MLB history.
TODAY'S MOON: Between full moon (Aug. 3) and last quarter moon (Aug. 11).