Today is the 306th day of 2020 and the 41st day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1512, the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel was exhibited to the public for the first time.
In 1800, John Adams became the first president to reside in the newly constructed "President's House" (later named the White House).
In 1848, the Boston Female Medical School, the first medical school for women, opened.
In 1870, the Weather Bureau (later renamed the National Weather Service) made its first meteorological forecast.
In 1993, the Maastricht Treaty went into effect, formally establishing the European Union.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Stephen Crane (1871-1900), writer; James Kilpatrick (1920-2010), journalist; Gary Player (1935- ), golfer; Lyle Lovett (1957- ), singer-songwriter; Tim Cook (1960- ), business executive; Anthony Kiedis (1962- ), singer-songwriter; Toni Collette (1972- ), actress; Jenny McCarthy (1972- ), actress; Logan Marshall-Green (1976- ), actor; Penn Badgley (1986- ), actor.
TODAY'S FACT: John Adams was the only president elected as a member of the Federalist Party.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1959, NHL goalie Jacques Plante of the Montreal Canadiens suffered a broken nose while blocking a shot and was taken to the locker room for stitches. He returned to the game wearing the first goalie face mask, a homemade fiberglass mask of his own design.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "A serious prophet upon predicting a flood should be the first man to climb a tree. This would demonstrate that he was indeed a seer." -- Stephen Crane, "The Red Badge of Courage"
TODAY'S NUMBER: 37.5 -- percentage of American physicians and surgeons who are women.
TODAY'S MOON: Between full moon (Oct. 31) and last quarter moon (Nov. 8).