TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1793, Noah Webster published New York City's first daily newspaper, the American Minerva.
In 1872, Pinkney Benton Stewart Pinchback became the first serving U.S. governor of African American descent when he was named acting governor of Louisiana.
In 1968, engineer Douglas Engelbart demonstrated the first computer system to use hypertext links and a mouse.
In 1979, the World Health Organization certified that smallpox had been eradicated.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Emmett Kelly (1898-1979), clown; Jean de Brunhoff (1899-1937), author; Kirk Douglas (1916-2020), actor; Redd Foxx (1922-1991), comedian; Dick Van Patten (1928-2015), actor; Judi Dench (1934- ), actress; Deacon Jones (1938-2013), football player; Beau Bridges (1941- ), actor; Dick Butkus (1942- ), football player; John Malkovich (1953- ), actor; Donny Osmond (1957- ), singer; Felicity Huffman (1962- ), actress; Kurt Angle (1968- ), wrestler/actor; Simon Helberg (1980- ), actor; Hikaru Nakamura (1987- ), chess player.
TODAY'S FACT: After Pinkney Benton Stewart Pinchback was appointed acting governor of Louisiana, it would be more than 100 years before the first elected African American governor, Lawrence Douglas Wilder of Virginia, took office, in 1990.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1934, the New York Giants exchanged their cleats for sneakers during the third quarter, then outmaneuvered the Chicago Bears on a frozen field to turn a 13-3 deficit into a 30-13 victory.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Music played a large role in the survival of the Black people in America -- that and a sense of humor that just couldn't be enslaved." -- Redd Foxx
TODAY'S NUMBER: 7 -- number of classic children's books about Babar the elephant written and illustrated by Jean de Brunhoff. He died of tuberculosis at age 37, and his son Laurent continued the series.
TODAY'S MOON: Between last quarter moon (Dec. 7) and new moon (Dec. 14).